Root Canal Treatments

What is a Root Canal Treatment?

A root canal treatment is performed after the tooth's pulp becomes inflamed or infected. This can occur if the tooth experiences deep decay or trauma as a result of an injury or accident.

A tooth consists of an outer layer made of enamel and dentin. Beneath this protective covering is the pulp, which consists primarily of nerves and blood vessels. Due to the tooth's unique anatomy, the pulp is usually unable to heal after it is diseased, requiring removal. A fully mature or adult tooth can survive without the pulp because of the surrounding tissue providing it with necessary support and nutrition.

Endodontic Procedures
Root Canal Procedure

The Procedure Explained

  • During the initial consultation, the Endodontist will examine the suspected tooth or teeth and take X-rays as required. Once a diagnosis has been made, a treatment plan is created and discussed with the patient.
  • Once the patient consents to treatment, local anesthesia is then administered to numb the tooth. A rubber dam is then placed to isolate the tooth and maintain a clean, saliva-free environment during the procedure.
  • The Endonontist makes as conservative of an opening as possible in the crown of the tooth, or in some cases, through the prosthetic crown or bridge. Small instruments are then employed to clean the pulp from the roots, along with chemical disinfectants.
  • After the roots have been cleaned and shaped to the Endodontist's specifications, he or she will fill the resulting space with an inert biocompatible material – the most popular of which is referred to as gutta pecha. It is held in place with a special sealing cement.
  • The small hole in the tooth is then sealed with a temporary filling. A restorative dentist will then permanently restore the tooth with either a filling or crown within two weeks of the treatment's completion. Any evidence of an abscess at the root tip should heal with bone over time, taking anywhere from several months to years depending on the individual case.
  • Root Canal Treatments are our specialty. Don't hesitate to book a consultation with Dr. Lance Isaac if you are ever in need of endodontic care.